Actuallity of the problem of chronic bronchopulmonary pathology.
Etiology, pathogenesis and pathomorphology
Chronic bronchitis. Bronchoectasis.
Lung emphysema. Pneumosclerosis.
Micropreparation of lung in diffuse interstitial pneumosclerosis: intraalveolar septums are greatly thickened and sclerotic; coloured by Van Gieson; × 24.
Micropreparation of lung at local pneumosclerosis: substitution of the alveoli, bronchioles, alveolar ducts by proliferation of connective tissue; coloured by Van Gieson; × 24.
Left side chronic bronchopulmonary Direct radiogram of chest.
disease. Decreasing of left lung field,
shadowing in the middle areas.
Detail of chest radiograph at peribronchial pneumosclerosis in patient with chronic obstructive bronchitis: lung pattern is reinforced and deformed, there are clearly distinguished bronchial lumen, bordered by thickened walls.
Detail of chest radiographs in a direct projection at chronic bronchopulmonary disease: at low part of the right lung field lung pattern is reinforced and deformed, its radial direction can not be seen.
(which is obligate) there are the deformation of the bronchi, cylindrical and saccular bronchiectasis, reducing the angle of the bronchi branching.
Bronchiectasis. Coloured bronchogram (X-ray) of a human lung showing bronchiectasis.Bronchiectasis is a lung disorder in which the bronchi and bronchioles (airways of the lungs, red) are permanently dilated and distorted. In this case, some of the bronchi have terminal bulbous enlargements, a condition known as fusiform (saccular) bronchiectasis.
Normal bronchogram. Varicose bronchoectasis.
Representative CT scan image from a person with advanced CBPD shows emphysematous changes and subpleural blebs.
Diagnostic criteria of chronic bronchopulmonary disease: